Bose-Einstein

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Brief history of BEC at NIST

- "Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Vapor," by James Faller, in A Century of Excellence in Measurements, Standards, and Technology, NIST Special Publication 958, 375-378 (2000). (PDF 671 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- "Observations of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor," M.H. Anderson, J.R. Ensher, M.R. Matthews, C.E. Wieman, and E.A. Cornell, Sci. 269, 198-201 (1995) (PDF 1.6 MB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

Other Publications:

- "Emergence of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas," M. Greiner, C.A. Regal, and D.S. Jin, Nature 426, 537-540 (2003). (PDF 186 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- "Lifetime of molecule-atom mixtures near a Feshbach resonance in 40K," C.A. Regal, M. Greiner, and D.S. Jin (2003). (PDF 140 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- "The Atom Laser," E.W. Hagley, L. Deng, W.D. Phillips, K. Burnett, and C.W. Clark, Opt. Photon. News, May 2001. (PDF 967 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer)

- "Generating Solitons by Phase Engineering of a Bose-Einstein Condensate," J. Denschlag, J.E. Simsarian, D.L. Feder, C.W. Clark, L.A. Collins, J. Cubizolles, L. Deng, E.W. Hagley, K. Helmerson, W.P. Reinhardt, S.L. Rolston, B.I. Schneider, and W.D. Phillips, Sci. 287, 97-101 (2000) (PDF 1007 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- "Onset of Fermi Degeneracy in a Trapped Atomic Gas," B. DeMarco and D.S. Jin, Sci. 285, 1703-1706 (1999). (PDF 181 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- "Phase-Coherent Amplification of Matter Waves," M. Kozuma, Y. Suzuki, Y. Torii, T. Sugiura, T. Kuga, E.W. Hagley, and L. Deng, Sci. 286, 2309-2312 (1999) (PDF 1.4 MB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- "A Well-Collimated Quasi-Continuous Atom Laser," E.W. Hagley, L. Deng, M. Kozuma, J. Wen, K. Helmerson, S.L. Rolston, and W.D. Phillips, Sci. 283, 1706-1709 (1999) (PDF 285 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- "The Theory of Bose-Einstein Condensation of Dilute Gases," K. Burnett, M. Edwards, and C.W. Clark, Phys. Today 52, 37-42 (December 1999). (PDF 502 kB Get Acrobat PDF viewer).

- Bose-Einstein Condensation, Special Issue J. Res. Natl Inst. Stand. Tech. 101(4), ed. by K. Burnett, M. Edwards, and C.W. Clark (July-August 1996).


* The 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Eric A. Cornell of NIST / JILA; Wolfgang Ketterle of MIT; and Carl E. Wieman of CU / JILA. (JILA is a cooperative enterprise between NIST's Physics Laboratory and the University of Colorado, CU.)

Bose-Einstein Condensation at NIST

Postdoctoral research associateship opportunities in Bose-Einstein condensation

Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) emerged in the mid-1990s as one of the cutting-edge themes of contemporary physics. This is due to the development of powerful techniques for experiments with ultracold quantum gases, many of which were pioneered at NIST.

In addition to their fundamental scientific appeal, these systems offer great promise for the precision measurement applications that are at the core of NIST's mission. Several groups in the NIST Physics Laboratory are currently working on different aspects of BEC and the physics of quantum gases. This page provides an informal look at their work.

Image gallery

Press releases


BEC Research Groups at JILA and NIST

    Group at JILA

    Laser Cooling and Trapping Group

    Electron and Optical Physics Division

    Quantum Processes Group


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Online: May 2001   -   Last update: August 2007

Deborah Jin in her laboratory at JILA
Physicist Deborah Jin Wins 2003 MacArthur Fellowship. Genius Grant is Worth $500,000. News Release
Eric Cornell

Eric Cornell of NIST and Carl Wieman of the University of Colorado are winners of the 2001 Nobel Prize in physics along with Wolfgang Ketterle of MIT. They are recognized "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates."

Bose-Einstein condensate images
A time sequence of images showing one cycle of the ringing of a Bose-Einstein condensate (left to right, top to bottom).

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